There are different narratives about the events during the years 1947-49, but according to the Israeli narrative, the 1948/49 Arab-Israeli War (in Israel called War of Independence) was not initiated or sought by Israel. As the British were about to withdraw from Palestine, the Jewish population of Palestine declared an independent Jewish state on May 14th 1948, one day before the British mandate ended. Israel had agreed upon the suggestion of the UN in 1947 to partition Palestine and give equal parts to the Jews and to the Arabs. Yet, the Arab leaders had rejected the plan to divide the land and responded with heavy violence and the declaration of a holy war against the Jews.
The Green Line is an expression that is used often in the context of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and much importance is attributed to it. There is the international demand, that Israel should withdraw from any territories that are located beyond this line and the claim that Israeli presence in those territories is an obstacle for peace between Israel and the Palestinians.
„If we wish to live and to bequeath life to our offspring, if we believe that we are to pave the way to the future, then we must first of all not forget.“
Prof. Ben Zion Dinur, Yad Vashem, 1956